About North & South Sudan
What began as Islamic invasion and Christian persecution many decades ago has now expanded to ethnic cleansing and genocide. The Islamic militias (Janjaweed), directly receiving both their direction and funding from the Northern Sudanese government began by killing all residents of targeted areas with emphasis on Christians. This persecution has raged since the withdrawal of Great Britain in 1956.
Several years ago, the same militias began also killing the indigenous Sudanese in the North, primarily in the Darfur region, who had converted to Islam. These targeted Muslims are black Africans whereas the Northern government and its militias are Arab Islamics who invaded Sudan over the past generations from neighboring Arab countries. This conflict is what is commonly referred as the "Darfur Crisis".
In 2005 the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed to "end" the war between the North and South. This document ended the official war but pervasive violence and instability continued, particularly along the disputed border between North and South. Also various rebel groups, such as the LRA (funded by North Sudan) continued to commit atrocities across the Southern Sudan.
On July 9, 2011 South Sudan became an independent nation. The regime controlling North Sudan continues their genocidal policies along the disputed border and funds various rebel groups to create havoc all over South Sudan. Violence from the North coupled with instability and corruption in the new government of South Sudan leave the people of South Sudan extremely vulnerable to human trafficking, extreme poverty, and hopelessness.
North and South Sudan together comprise an area of nearly one-quarter the size of the US.
There are less than 100 miles of paved roads in Southern Sudan and few bridges. Therefore, during the rainy season, entire villages representing thousands of people are completely isolated from food and medical care for up to 6 months out of every year.
More than 2 million people were killed by the government- sanctioned militias; government funded rebel groups, as well as Northern Sudanese armed forces, During the civil war with the North.
In December 2014, in the Capital of Juba, a number of people from the Nuer tribe were massacred by members of the Dinka tribe (the tribe in power) that triggered an internal civil war between the two very large tribes. Over 10,000 people have been killed by both sides and over 100,000 have been displaced. The development of the country by international organizations has essentially stopped.